Head and Neck Cancers

Head Neck Surgery

What are cancers of the head and neck?

Cancers that are known collectively as head and neck cancers usually begin in the squamous cells that line the moist, mucosal surfaces inside the head and neck (for example, inside the mouth, the nose, and the throat).

What causes cancers of the head and neck?

Alcohol and tobacco use (including smokeless tobacco, sometimes called “chewing tobacco” or “snuff”) are the two most important risk factors for head and neck cancers, especially cancers of the oral cavity, oropharynx, hypopharynx, and larynx


Salivary Gland Surgery

Head Neck Surgery

Your salivary glands make saliva, which helps your body digest food and keeps your mouth moist. Most of your saliva comes from the parotid, submandibular, and sublingual glands. There are also hundreds of smaller salivary glands in your mouth. They are located under the membranes that line your mouth and throat.

Types of Surgery

The type of surgery you have for your salivary gland tumors depends on where the tumors are located. The different types of surgeries are described below. Your surgeon will tell you which surgery you are having.

Parotid Gland Surgery
Sublingual Gland Surgery
Submandibular Gland Surgery


Neck Swelling

Head Neck Surgery

There are many causes of lumps in the neck. The most frequently seen lumps or swellings are enlarged lymph nodes. These can be caused by bacterial or viral infections, cancer (malignancy), or other rare causes.

Enlargement of the salivary glands under the jaw may be caused by infection or cancer. Lumps in the muscles of the neck -- almost always in the front of the neck -- are caused by injury or torticollis. Lumps in the skin or just below the skin are often caused by cysts, including sebaceous cysts.

The thyroid gland may also produce a lump, multiple lumps, or swelling in the neck as a result of thyroid disease or cancer. Most cancers of the thyroid gland are extremely slow-growing and often curable by surgery, even if they have been present for several years.


Tonsillitis (Tonsil) Diagnosis & Treatments

Head Neck Surgery

Tonsillitis is an inflammation of the tonsils, which results in a sore throat. Tonsillitis can be caused by either viruses or bacteria

The tonsils and adenoids are composed of tissues that are similar to the lymph nodes or glands found in the neck or other parts of the body. Together, they are part of a ring of glandular tissue (Waldeyer's ring) encircling the back of the throat.

The tonsils are the two masses of tissue on either side of the back of the throat. Normal tonsils are usually about the same size and have the same pink color as the surrounding area. On their surfaces are little depressions, called crypts, which may appear deep and contain pus pockets or stones.