Cancers in the head and neck region commonly metastasize to cervical lymph nodes. The term "neck dissection" refers to a surgical procedure in which the fibrofatty contents of the neck are removed for the treatment of cervical lymphatic metastases. Neck dissection is most commonly used in the management of cancers of the upper aerodigestive tract. It is also used for malignancies of the skin of the head and neck area, the thyroid, and the salivary glands as depicted
Surgery For Head And Neck Cancer
Your surgeon aims to remove the cancer and reduce any effects on your speech and swallowing. They will explain the operation to you and tell you if your appearance, speech, swallowing or eating may be affected. You may see a speech therapist and a dietitian.
Small cancers in the mouth may be removed through your mouth. The surgeon will need to make a cut in your skin to remove larger cancers at the back of the mouth or in your throat. If a cancer is in the hypopharynx, the surgeon may need to remove some or all of the voicebox (larynx).
If cancer is in the lymph nodes in the neck, a neck dissection may be carried out to remove some or all of the lymph nodes.
If some bone, such as the cheekbone or palate is removed, you may be given an artificial part (prosthesis). Some people have reconstructive surgery using tissue or bone from another part of the body.